- Debates (Hansard) No. 95 - March 13, () - House of Commons of Canada
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The big thing is to listen to your gut. Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted. By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time. British Columbia 5 online dating tips for seniors looking for love in Canada Whether looking for a new life partner or simply a date for the symphony, an increasing number of older Canadians are turning to online dating.
MacLeod , with men, established a permanent post at Fort MacLeod. In another major post was set up at Battleford in present-day Saskatchewan. The network of police posts and patrols thus began, and was extended year by year until it covered all of the Territories. The police helped prepare Indigenous people for treaty negotiations with the government, and mediated conflicts with the few settlers in the region.
The NWMP played a role in the signing of treaties covering most of the southern Prairies in and Growing unrest in the early s — due to the disappearance of the buffalo, crop failures in the Saskatchewan Valley, and disenchantment with the distant government in Ottawa — led to an increase in the force's strength to men in But this did not keep pace with the NWMP's growing responsibilities.
Debates (Hansard) No. 95 - March 13, () - House of Commons of Canada
The police were particularly concerned with the rising unrest in the Saskatchewan Valley and warned Ottawa that violence and trouble was certain unless grievances there were addressed. The warnings were ignored and the rebellion took its tragic course. Herchmer improved training and introduced a more systematic approach to crime prevention, thus preparing the force to cope with the large increase in settlement in the West after As memories of the rebellion faded, criticisms began.
In Parliament the Opposition reminded the government that the NWMP had only been a temporary creation, intended to disappear when the threat of frontier unrest passed. The NWMP's demise seemed certain with the election of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier's Liberals in ; their election platform had called specifically for the dismantling of the force. In power, however, the Laurier government quickly discovered intense opposition in the West to their plan.
The highly publicized murder of Sergeant C. Colebrook by Almighty Voice in , and the manhunt that went on for more than a year, raised renewed fears of a general Indigenous uprising.
By the mids the NWMP had also begun moving north. Rumours of gold discoveries in the Yukon prompted the government to send Inspector Charles Constantine to report on the situation in that remote region. His recommendations led to the stationing of 20 police in the Yukon in This small group was barely able to cope with the full-scale gold rush that developed when news of large discoveries reached the outside world in By there were mounted police stationed in the Yukon.
Their presence ensured that the Klondike Gold Rush would be the most orderly in history. Strict enforcement of regulations prevented many deaths due to starvation and exposure by unprepared prospectors. At the same time a detachment under Superintendent J. Moodie established a post at Cape Fullerton on the western shore of Hudson Bay. The police presence in the Arctic grew steadily from these beginnings, especially after the schooner St. Roch began to be used as a floating detachment, traveling among the Arctic islands in the s.
By this time the force was known as the Royal North-West Mounted Police — the "Royal" being added in in recognition of the service of many mounted policemen in the South African War. The permanence of the force also became an accepted fact by the early 20th century. When the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created out of the North-West Territories in , the force was, in effect, rented out to the new provinces.
This arrangement worked well until the First World War. The war produced severe shortages of manpower, and created new security and intelligence duties for the police. Bowen Perry believed the new liquor laws were unenforceable, especially amid the new demands of wartime. Perry cancelled the police-service contracts with Alberta and Saskatchewan, which maintained their own provincial police forces for the next decade and a half. When the end of war in reduced the need for security work, the future of the mounted police was very uncertain.
Late that year, N. Rowell , the president of the Privy Council, a senior federal civil servant, toured western Canada to seek opinion about what to do with the force.
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In May he reported to Cabinet that the police could either be absorbed into the army or expanded into a national police force. The government chose the latter course. In November, legislation was passed allowing the RNWMP to absorb the Dominion Police a federal force established in to guard government buildings and to enforce federal statutes. In the s the force's main activities were the enforcement of narcotics laws, as well as security and intelligence work.
The latter reflected widespread public fears of political subversion that had been fueled by the Russian Revolution in , and the Winnipeg General Strike of This arrangement began a return to more normal police duties for the RCMP. The seven years of his leadership marked a period of rapid change. Before MacBrien died in office in , he established a policy of sending several members of the force to universities each year for advanced training.
He also opened the first forensic laboratory in Regina , and organized an aviation section. In addition, an RCMP Reserve was established in in the expectation that war was coming and would make heavy demands on the force.
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Ultimately, no acts of sabotage were recorded during the war. However, Nazi sympathizers were rounded up for internment. Despite having suspicions about Russian espionage, the RCMP was as surprised as most Canadians by the revelations of Soviet Embassy staffer Igor Gouzenko , who defected with evidence of an extensive Soviet spy network in Canada during the war. The international tensions of the Cold War era, which the Gouzenko case heralded in Canada, ensured that security and intelligence work would continue to be a major preoccupation for the mounted police. After Gouzenko , these activities attracted almost no public attention until the mids, when Vancouver postal clerk George Victor Spencer was discovered to have been collecting information for the Soviet Union.
The quiet agreement among politicians that security matters were not subjects of open debate was shattered when John Diefenbaker's Conservative Opposition attacked the Liberal government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson for mishandling the case. In retaliation, the Liberals revealed details of a scandal involving a German woman named Gerda Munsinger , whose ties to some former Conservative Cabinet ministers — and also to some Russian espionage agents — had apparently been ignored by the previous Diefenbaker government.
A Royal Commission on Security was appointed in as a result of these cases. The commission's recommendation that a civilian intelligence agency replace the RCMP was rejected by the new Liberal prime minister, Pierre Trudeau. These revelations raised fundamental questions about the place of the police in a democratic state.
Are there situations in which the police can break the law? Who is ultimately answerable if they do? The inquiry repeated the earlier recommendation of transferring intelligence operations from the RCMP to a civilian agency. Legislation creating such an agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service , was proclaimed on 1 July The postwar period saw a continued expansion of the RCMP's role as a provincial force. In the RCMP assumed responsibility for provincial policing in Newfoundland which had joined Canada in , and also absorbed the British Columbia provincial police.
The GIC may appoint a person to be an alternate director for any director who is selected from among persons employed in the Federal Public Administration and the alternate director so appointed shall act as a director during any period in which the director for whom he is an alternate is, by reason of absence or incapacity, unable to act.
In the event of the absence or incapacity of the Chairperson, or if the office of Chairperson is vacant, the Vice-Chairperson shall perform the functions of the Chairperson during the absence, incapacity or vacancy. Where the Vice-Chairperson has been authorized to act as Chairperson and the Vice-Chairperson is absent or incapacitated or the office of Vice-Chairperson is vacant, such of the other directors as are present at a meeting shall, if they constitute a quorum of the Board or of the Executive Committee, select a director to act as Chairperson and the director so selected shall perform the functions of the Chairperson until such time as the Chairperson or Vice-Chairperson is available to perform them.
In the event of the absence or incapacity of the President, or if the office of President is vacant, the Board shall authorize a director or an officer of the Corporation to act as the President for the time being and shall fix the terms and conditions of the appointment and the remuneration, but no person so authorized by the Board has authority to act as President for a period exceeding sixty days without the approval of the GIC. Farm Credit Canada shall consist of a Board of Directors comprising a Chairperson, a President and not fewer than three nor more than ten other directors.
The directors, other than the Chairperson and the President, shall be appointed by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, with the approval of the GIC , for such term not exceeding four years as ensures as far as possible, the expiration in any year of the terms of office for not more than half of the directors. A director whose term of office has expired is eligible for reappointment to the Board in the same or another capacity.
The GIC may appoint one or more persons to act as a director in the event that any director is absent or unable to act. The President is the chief executive officer and is responsible for the supervision of the business of the Corporation. If the Chairperson is absent or unable to act or if the office of Chairperson is vacant, the Board may authorize a director to act as Chairperson and that director has all of the duties and may exercise all of the powers of the Chairperson during the absence, inability or vacancy.
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Marie International Bridge in Sault Ste. It is responsible for the oversight of these bridges including the provision of safe and secure infrastructure for the efficient transportation of passengers and goods in support of trade. The Chairperson and the President and Chief Executive Officer are eligible for reappointment at the expiration of their terms of office. Each director, other than the President and Chief Executive Officer and the Chairperson, are appointed by the Minister with the approval of the GIC, to hold office during pleasure for such term not exceeding four years that will ensure, as far as possible, the expiration in any one year of the terms of office of not more than one half of the directors of the Corporation.